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Dynamic Response and Fatigue Reliability Analysis of Marine Riser Under Random Loads

[+] Author Affiliations
Rizwan A. Khan, Suhail Ahmad

Indian Institute of Technology - Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India

Paper No. OMAE2007-29235, pp. 183-191; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2007-29235
From:
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 2: Structures, Safety and Reliability; Petroleum Technology Symposium
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4268-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Marine riser is a major component of offshore drilling and productions systems that are either fixed or floating. Since, a marine riser is intended to remain in station for the productive life of an oil field; it will be exposed to wide variety of hazards, with the potential for environmental damage, structural failure or damage to the material. As part of the design process, there are requirements of structural strength based on criteria referring to failure modes, such as rupture by over loading, fatigue failures, buckling or unstable fracture. 3D Nonlinear dynamic analysis of riser is carried out in the time domain using finite element solver ABAQUS/Aqua. The response histories so obtained are employed for the study of fatigue and fracture reliability analysis of riser under random waves and random waves together-with vessel motion. In the present study application of structural concepts for the evaluation of the fatigue resistance of marine risers, including reliability techniques has been presented. The limit state function has been established for cumulative fatigue damage using S-N curve approach and fracture mechanics approaches considering number of parameters, random in nature. Reliability methods deal with the uncertain nature of loads, resistance etc. and lead to prediction of the failure and a rational measure of the safety coefficient. Response surface method (RSM) in conjunction with First Order Reliability Method (FORM) has been used for reliability estimation. The results are compared with Monte Carlo simulation method. The design point important for the probabilistic design is located on the failure surface. The effects of the uncertainties in various random variables on riser fatigue reliability are highlighted.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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