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Studies on Electrocatalysts, MEAs and Compact Stacks of Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

[+] Author Affiliations
Gongquan Sun, Guoxiong Wang, Suli Wang, Shiyou Yan, Shaohua Yang, Qin Xin

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China

Paper No. FUELCELL2006-97244, pp. 1191-1201; 11 pages
  • ASME 2006 4th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Parts A and B
  • Irvine, California, USA, June 19–21, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4247-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3780-7
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A number of carbon supported bi/multi-metallic Pt-based electrocatalysts with a metal particle-size and shape controllable in nanoscale and a narrow size distribution were prepared by the improved polyol method. Among the electrocatalysts prepared in-house, PtSn/C showed a high direct ethanol fuel cell performance and PtPd/C exhibited a favorable methanol-tolerant property and oxygen-reduction activity. Several MEA fabrication methods such as direct-spray, decal and screen-printing were developed, through which the pore structure and hydrophilic/hydrophobic properties in the MEAs could be controlled desirably. With multi-layer structured electrodes, the maximum power density of 300 mW/cm2 and 240 mW/cm2 for the single cells were achieved at 90 °C under 0.2 MPa pressures of oxygen and air, respectively. Several demonstrations of active and passive compact DMFC systems ranging from sub-watts to 200 watt were fabricated. Some of them were demonstrated in PDA, toy cars, mobile phones and laptop computers.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Fuel cells , Ethanol



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