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Second Order Loads on LNG Terminals in Multi-Directional Sea in Water of Finite Depth

[+] Author Affiliations
Flávia Rezende

Bureau Veritas, France

Xin Li

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Xiao-Bo Chen

Bureau Veritas, France; HEU, China

Paper No. OMAE2007-29231, pp. 259-266; 8 pages
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology; Special Symposium on Ocean Measurements and Their Influence on Design
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4267-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Large LNG terminals are designed to be installed in an offshore area approximate to harbors where the water is of finite depth and waves are multi-directional. The terminal can be of a barge type LNG/FRSU including accommodations, gas preconditioning and liquefied plant, a number of storage tanks and offloading facilities. It serves also as a support to moor a LNG carrier during offloading operations. In the design of such mooring system of LNG/FRSU and LNG carriers in a zone of shallow water, one key issue is the accurate simulation of low-frequency motions of the system to which the second-order wave loading is well known as the main source of excitation. The computation of second-order wave loading in multi-directional waves of finite waterdepth is considered here. New formulations obtained recently in [1] for the computation of second-order loads in mono-directional waves are extended to the case of multi-directional waves. Both the classical near-field formulation and the new middle-field formulation developed in [1] are used and numerical results are compared. Unlike the usual near-field formulation giving results of second-order loads with poor convergence, the middle-field formulation provides an accurate method for the computation of vertical components.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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