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Effect of Sonochemical, Regenerative Sol Gel and Microwave Assisted Synthesis Techniques on the Formation of Dense Electrolytes and Porus Electrodes for All Perovskite IT-SOFCs

[+] Author Affiliations
Hrudananda Jena, B. Rambabu

Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, LA

Paper No. FUELCELL2006-97262, pp. 793-819; 27 pages
  • ASME 2006 4th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Parts A and B
  • Irvine, California, USA, June 19–21, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4247-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3780-7
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The influence of preparation techniques on the microstructure, grain-size and consequently on the electrical transport properties of the ABO3 structured materials used as electrode and electrolytes in all perovskite IT-SOFC were investigated. Nano-crystalline powders of La1-x Mx Ga1-y Ny O3±δ (M = Sr,; x = −0.10 to 0.15; N = Mg; y = −0.10 to 0.15) (LSGM) as electrolyte, porous La0.8 Sr0.2 Co0.8 Fe0.2 O3±δ (LSCF) or LaNi1-x Fex O3±δ (x = 0–0.5) (LNF) as cathode, La0.8 Sr0.2 Cr0.7 Mn0.3 O3±δ (LSCM) as anode and LaCrO3 or substituted LaCrO 3 as interconnect were synthesized by various wet chemical methods. The wet chemical methods like metal-carboxylate gel decomposition, hydroxide co-precipitation, sonochemical and regenerative sol-gel process followed by microwave sintering of the powders have been used. Microwave sintering parameters were optimized by varying sintering time, and temperature to achieve higher density of LSGM pellets. The phase pure systems were obtained at sintering duration of 30 min at 1200 °C. The XRD, HR-TEM, and SEM measurements revealed the average grain size of these perovskites was ∼ 22 nm range. The electrical conductivities of the compositions were measured by ac (5Hz–13MHz) and dc techniques. The conductivity of the sintered pellets was found to be ∼0.01–0.21 S/cm at 550–1000°C range for electrolyte and 1.5–100 S/cm at 25–1000°C for electrodes respectively. The effect of sonochemical, and regenerative sol-gel methods in processing large quantities of nano-crystalline perovskites with multi-element substitutions at A- and B-sites to achieve physico-chemical compatibility for fabricating zero emission all perovskite IT-SOFCs are reported in this paper.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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