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Vortex-Induced Vibration of a Variable Tension Riser

[+] Author Affiliations
Per M. Josefsson, Charles Dalton

University of Houston, Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2007-29200, pp. 215-227; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2007-29200
From:
  • ASME 2007 26th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology; Special Symposium on Ocean Measurements and Their Influence on Design
  • San Diego, California, USA, June 10–15, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4267-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3799-8
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

The transverse vibratory response of a long, slender vertical top-tension riser, subject to an ocean current, is studied. The problem is treated as a coupled fluid-flow/vibration problem which is solved numerically. The fluid flow part is represented by the 2-D Navier-Stokes equations, with LES and strip theory, which are solved numerically to obtain the flow field and determine the vortex-shedding behavior in the flow. The approach flow is a shear flow ranging in Reynolds number from 8000 to 10,000. Given the flow field and vortex-shedding behavior, the transverse fluid forcing function can be determined at a given instant, which becomes the input to the Euler-Bernoulli beam equation to calculate the displacement of the riser, using a technique that involves the WKB method and modal decomposition. The boundary conditions for the fluid-flow equations are updated each time step as the cylinder moves. The natural frequency of the riser is tension-dominated, not bending stiffness-dominated. With the decrease in tension with increasing depth, the natural frequency is affected. Therefore, the solution will be influenced by the depth-dependent tension. This study has indicated some interesting features regarding the VIV of a variable-tension riser. The vibrational response is greater for a variable-tension riser than for a constant-tension riser, when the variable-tension riser is assumed to have the same top tension as the constant-tension riser. Therefore, it is important to take into account the variable tension when estimating fatigue failures of marine risers.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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