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Technological Aspects of Ethanol Steam Reforming Processors for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Freni, F. Frusteri, N. Mondello, V. Chiodo, S. Siracusano, D. Nevoso

National Council of Research Institute, Messina, Italy

Paper No. FUELCELL2006-97250, pp. 761-765; 5 pages
  • ASME 2006 4th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Parts A and B
  • Irvine, California, USA, June 19–21, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4247-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3780-7
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Bioethanol, obtained by biomass fermentation, could be an important hydrogen supplier as a renewable source. The availability of active, selective and stable catalyst for bioethanol steam reforming is a key point for the development of processes suitable to this purpose. In this work, the performance of different supported catalysts in the steam reforming of bioethanol at molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) operative condition has been focused and a decreasing activity has been related to the formation of carbon. Furthermore catalytic behaviour of a Ni supported catalyst has been tested under reforming condition both distillation industry’s waste and ethanol-water mixture. Results revealed that, superior alcohols (fusel oil) arising from the distillation process influence carbon formation and the presence of oxygen (ATR condition) preserves the catalyst activity which otherwise significantly deactivate mainly due to the carbon formation.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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