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Characterization of Scandia Stabilized Zirconia Doped With Various Bi2O3 Additions as an IT-SOFC Electrolyte

[+] Author Affiliations
Bing Bai, Nigel M. Sammes, Alevtina L. Smirnova

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

Geoff Tompsett

University of Massachusetts, MA

Paper No. FUELCELL2006-97154, pp. 641-645; 5 pages
  • ASME 2006 4th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2006 Fourth International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, Parts A and B
  • Irvine, California, USA, June 19–21, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4247-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3780-7
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Bi2 O3 doped scandia stabilized zirconia systems have shown promise for use as electrolytes in IT-SOFCs. Sintering properties, crystal phase transformation, microstructure, as well as electrical conductivity of the Bi2 O3 doped Sc2 O3 -ZrO2 systems were investigated. The effect of Bi2 O3 doping from 0 to 2.0mol%, and different sintering temperatures, on the properties and performance of the electrolyte were examined. The presence of Bi2 O3 aided the sintering process and better sintering for the doped system was achieved at lower temperatures. The rhombohedral phase in 10ScSZ was successfully stabilized to cubic phase at room temperature with a concentration of 1 mol% and 2 mol% Bi2 O3 sintered at 1100°C–1400°C. The achievement of cubic structure depends upon both the Bi2 O3 concentration and the sintering temperature. Higher electrical conductivity was achieved with Bi2 O3 doped Sc2 O3 -ZrO2 systems than 10ScSZ below 600°C. A maximum conductivity of 1.68 × 10−2 S/cm at 700°C was obtained for 2 mol% Bi2 O3 doped sample sintered at 1100°C.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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