Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Development of a Tracer Fluid in a Vertical Tube With Gravity-Assisted and Resisted Motions

[+] Author Affiliations
Chong Zhou, Joseph Majdalani

University of Tennessee, Tullahoma, TN

Christopher A. Dawson

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. BioMed2007-38006, pp. 75-80; 6 pages
  • ASME 2007 2nd Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference
  • ASME 2007 2nd Frontiers in Biomedical Devices
  • Irvine, California, USA, June 7–8, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4266-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3797-1
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


This study provides procedural tools that can be used in concert with a computer algorithm to simulate the two-phase flow development of a higher density, tracer fluid inside a vertical tube. The problem arises in the context of a tracer fluid (e.g., a contrast agent) being injected into a neutral fluid such as blood. Based on cell fractions of tracer fluid obtained numerically, absorbency profiles are extrapolated. These are shown to compare favorably with laboratory x-ray samples realized under similar flow conditions. At low Reynolds numbers, one finds that a downward profile exhibits a more elongated frontal boundary than predicted by laminar flow theory of a single-phase, Newtonian fluid. The observed stretching of the denser fluid is confirmed experimentally and can be attributed to the combined effects of gravity assistance near the core and viscous resistance near the wall. In gravity-resisted flow, a reverse behavior is observed. A blunter frontal boundary is established during upward motion. In both cases, the role of gravity is weakened with successive increases in the Reynolds number. This behavior suggests the existence of a Reynolds number above which gravitational bias can be neglected in any flow orientation. It is hoped that this study will set the pace for a broader investigation of two-phase motion characterization of a tracer fluid under various flow conditions and orientations.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In