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Influence of SDBS on Stability of Copper Nano-Suspensions

[+] Author Affiliations
Xinfang Li, Xianju Wang

South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

Dongsheng Zhu

South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Gang Chen

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. MNC2007-21091, pp. 971-975; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/MNC2007-21091
From:
  • 2007 First International Conference on Integration and Commercialization of Micro and Nanosystems
  • First International Conference on Integration and Commercialization of Micro and Nanosystems, Parts A and B
  • Sanya, Hainan, China, January 10–13, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4265-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3794-7
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Dispersion and stability of Cu nano-suspensions with dispersant is the important base for the study of rheology and heat transfer enhancement of the suspensions. This paper presented a procedure for preparing a nanofluid which was a suspension consisting of nanophase powders and a base liquids. By means of the procedure, Cu-H2 O nanofluids with and without dispersant were prepared, whose sedimentation photographs were given to illustrate the stability and evenness of suspension with dispersant. Dispersion and stability of Cu nanoparticles in water were studied under different pH values and the concentration of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) dispersant by the method of zeta potential, absorbency and sedimentation photographs. The results show that zeta potential has very corresponding relation with absorbency, and the higher absolute value of zeta potential and absorbency are, the better dispersion and stability in system is. The absolute value of zeta potential and absorbency are higher at pH 9.5. SDBS can significantly increase the absolute value of the zeta potential of the particle surfaces by electrostatic repulsions, which leads to the enhancement of the stability of the Cu suspensions. The optimizing concentration for SDBS in the 0.1% copper nano-suspensions is 0.07%, which has the best disperse results.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Stability , Copper

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