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MEMS-Based Spatial and Temporal Thermal Management of High Heat Flux Electronics

[+] Author Affiliations
Cristina H. Amon, S. C. Yao

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA

Paper No. IMECE2003-42400, pp. 729-739; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2003-42400
From:
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Electrical Systems and Photonic Design, and Nanotechnology
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3714-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

This presentation describes the development of EDIFICE: E mbedded D roplet I mpingement F or I ntegrated C ooling of E lectronics. The EDIFICE project seeks to develop an integrated droplet impingement cooling device for removing chip heat fluxes over 100 W/cm2 , employing latent heat of vaporization of dielectric fluids. Micro-manufacturing and MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) will be discussed as enabling technologies for innovative cooling schemes recently proposed. Micro-spray nozzles are fabricated to produce 50–100 micron droplets coupled with surface texturing on the backside of the chip to promote droplet spreading and effective evaporation. A novel feature to enable adaptive on-demand cooling is MEMS sensing (on-chip temperature, remote IR temperature and ultrasonic dielectric film thickness) and MEMS actuation. EDIFICE is integrated within the electronics package and fabricated using advanced micro-manufacturing technologies (e.g., Deep Reactive lon Etching (DRIE) and CMOS CMU-MEMS). The development of EDIFICE involves modeling, CFD simulations, and physical experimentation on test beds. This lecture will then examine jet impingement cooling of EDIFICE with a dielectric coolant and the influence of fluid properties, micro spray characteristics, and surface evaporation. The development of micro nozzles, micro-structured surface texturing, and the system integration of the evaporator is discussed. Results of a prototype testing of swirl nozzles with dielectric fluid HFE-7200 on a notebook PC are presented. This paper also reviews liquid and evaporative cooling research applied to thermal management of electronics. It outlines the challenges to practical implementation and future research needs.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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