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Comparison of Steady State and Asymptotic Transient Thermal-Mechanical Simulations of Optoelectronic Laser Processing

[+] Author Affiliations
Ben Ting, Vincent P. Manno

Tufts University, Medford, MA

Paper No. IMECE2003-41686, pp. 467-477; 11 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Electrical Systems and Photonic Design, and Nanotechnology
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3714-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Traditional optoelectronic manufacturing of butterfly packages involves laser welding of a fiber mount followed by a tedious realignment procedure to reverse thermally induced distortions commonly referred to as Post Weld Shift (PWS). An alternative PWS compensation technique, Laser Hammering, entails manipulation of the fiber to light alignment through deformation of the fiber housing with high precision laser beams. The goal of this study is to predict and understand fiber displacements for butterfly packages subjected to the laser hammering process using finite element analysis. A standardized, two-dimensional fiber mounting/ferrule geometry is employed in a simulation case study. Various laser waveforms are applied to focus spot diameters of 50 and 200 μm over a range of applied heat fluxes (10 to 1000 W/mm2 ). The primary investigation focused on the degree to which a steady state (SS) model can predict the final state of a transient response (asymptotic steady state) subjected to a periodic laser excitation. Effects of laser energy deposition location and resolution, as well as the use of multiple lasers were also studied. The results obtained to date show that the steady state solution is in good agreement with the asymptotic transient response (ATR) for the center horizontal fiber displacement and the center fiber temperature. The focus spot region surface temperature predictions of steady state and asymptotic transient simulations were also found to be in reasonable agreement. However, the vertical fiber displacement tends to be over predicted by the steady state solution, sometimes by as much as an order of magnitude. The causes, both physical and computational, of this disagreement are discussed in the paper.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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