Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

CBGA Solder Joint Thermal Fatigue Life Estimation by a Simple Method

[+] Author Affiliations
T. E. Wong, C. Y. Lau, H. S. Fenger

Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems, El Segundo, CA

Paper No. IMECE2003-43407, pp. 417-422; 6 pages
  • ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Electronic and Photonic Packaging, Electrical Systems and Photonic Design, and Nanotechnology
  • Washington, DC, USA, November 15–21, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3714-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-4663-6, 0-7918-4664-4, 0-7918-4665-2
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A simple analysis method was developed to determine the fatigue life of a ceramic ball grid array (CBGA) solder joint when exposed to thermal environments. The solder joint consists of a 90Pb/10Sn solder ball with eutectic solder on both top and bottom of the ball. Failure of the solder joint occurs at the eutectic solder. A closed-form solution with the equilibrium of displacements of electronic package assembly was first developed to calculate the solder joint strains during the temperature cycling. In the calculation, an iteration technique was used to obtain a convergent solution in the solder strains, and the elastic material properties were used for all the electronic package assembly components except for the solder materials, which used elastic-plastic properties. A fatigue life prediction model, evolved from an empirically derived formula based upon a modified Coffin-Manson fatigue theory, was then established. CBGA test results, obtained from Motorola, combined with the derived solder strains were used to calibrate the proposed life prediction model. In the model calibration process, the 255- and 304-pin CBGA test results, which were cycled between 0°C and 100°C or −40°C and 125°C, were reasonably well correlated to the calculated values of solder strains. In addition, this calibrated model is remarkably simple compared to the model used in an evaluation by finite element analysis. Therefore, this model could be used and is recommended to serve as an effective tool to preliminarily estimate the CBGA solder joint thermal fatigue life.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In