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Development of Technologies on Innovative-Simplified Nuclear Power Plant Using High-Efficiency Steam Injectors: Part 12—Evaluations of Spatial Distributions of Flow and Heat Transfer in Steam Injector

[+] Author Affiliations
Yutaka Abe, Yujiro Kawamoto

University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Chikako Iwaki

Toshiba Corporation, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan

Tadashi Narabayashi

Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Michitsugu Mori, Shuichi Ohmori

Tokyo Electric Power Company, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Paper No. ICONE14-89417, pp. 827-834; 8 pages
  • 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 3: Structural Integrity; Nuclear Engineering Advances; Next Generation Systems; Near Term Deployment and Promotion of Nuclear Energy
  • Miami, Florida, USA, July 17–20, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4244-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3783-1
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Next-generation nuclear reactor systems have been under development aiming at simplified system and improvement of safety and credibility. One of the innovative technologies is the supersonic steam injector, which has been investigated as one of the most important component of the next-generation nuclear reactor. The steam injector has functions of a passive pump without large motor or turbo-machinery and a high efficiency heat exchanger. The performances of the supersonic steam injector as a pump and a heat exchanger are dependent on direct contact condensation phenomena between a supersonic steam and a sub-cooled water jet. In previous studies of the steam injector, there are studies about the operating characteristics of steam injector and about the direct contact condensation between static water pool and steam in atmosphere. However, there is a little study about the turbulent heat transfer and flow behavior under the great shear stress. In order to examine the heat transfer and flow behavior in supersonic steam injector, it is necessary to measure the spatial temperature distribution and velocity in detail. The present study, visible transparent supersonic steam injector is used to obtain the axial pressure distributions in the supersonic steam injector, as well as high speed visual observation of water jet and steam interface. The experiments are conducted with and without non-condensable gas. The experimental results of the interfacial flow behavior between steam and water jet are obtained. It is experimentally clarified that an entrainment exists on the water jet surface. It is also clarified that discharge pressure is depended on the steam supply pressure, the inlet water flow rate, the throat diameter and non-condensable flow rate. Finally a heat flux is estimated about 19MW/m2 without non-condensable gas condition in steam.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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