0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Goals, Requirements, and Design Implications for the Advanced High-Temperature Reactor

[+] Author Affiliations
Charles W. Forsberg

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

Paper No. ICONE14-89305, pp. 543-555; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE14-89305
From:
  • 14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 3: Structural Integrity; Nuclear Engineering Advances; Next Generation Systems; Near Term Deployment and Promotion of Nuclear Energy
  • Miami, Florida, USA, July 17–20, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4244-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3783-1
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR), also called the liquid-salt-cooled Very High-Temperature Reactor (LS-VHTR), is a new reactor concept that has been under development for several years. The AHTR combines four existing technologies to create a new reactor option: graphite-matrix, coated-particle fuels (the same fuel as used in high-temperature gas-cooled reactors); a liquid-fluoride-salt coolant with a boiling point near 1400°C; plant designs and decay-heat-removal safety systems similar to those in sodium-cooled fast reactors; and a helium or nitrogen Brayton power cycle. This paper describes the basis for the selection of goals and requirements, the preliminary goals and requirements, and some of the design implications. For electricity production, the draft AHTR goals include peak coolant temperatures between 700 and 800°C and a maximum power output of about 4000 MW(t), for an electrical output of ∼2000 MW(e). The electrical output matches that expected for a large advanced light-water reactor (ALWR) built in 2025. Plant capital cost per kilowatt electric is to be at least one-third less than those for ALWRs with the long-term potential to significantly exceed this goal. For hydrogen production, the peak temperatures may be as high as 950°C, with a power output of 2400 MW(t). The safety goals are to equal or surpass those of the modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactor with a beyond-design-basis accident capability to withstand large system and structural failures (vessel failure, etc.) without significant fuel failure or off-site radionuclide releases. These safety goals may eliminate the technical need for evacuation zones and reduce security requirements and significantly exceed the safety goals of ALWRs. The plant design should enable economic dry cooling to make possible wider nuclear-power-plant siting options. Uranium consumption is to be less than that for a LWR, with major improvements in repository performance and nonproliferation characteristics.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In