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Ride Dynamics of a Flexible Multibody Model of an Urban Bus

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Georgiou, A. Badarlis, S. Natsiavas

Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece

Paper No. DETC2007-34634, pp. 1967-1974; 8 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5: 6th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Parts A, B, and C
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, September 4–7, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4806-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3806-4
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Dynamic response of a large order mechanical model of an urban bus is investigated. The emphasis is first put on developing a quite complete model, which can be utilized in order to extract sufficiently reliable and accurate information related to its dynamics in a fast way. Since some of the components of the bus undergo large rigid body rotation, in addition to motion resulting from their deformability, a multibody dynamics framework is adopted. This implies that the resulting equations of motion appear in the form of a strongly nonlinear set of differential-algebraic equations, which are difficult to handle even numerically. In fact, the modeling becomes more involved because all the significant nonlinearities appearing in the interconnections of the structural components and especially in the front and rear suspension subsystems of the bus are taken into account. In order to alleviate some of these complexities, the number of degrees of freedom of each component, associated with its deformability, is reduced drastically by applying an appropriate coordinate condensation methodology. Finally, this model is employed and numerical results are obtained for motions resulting from typical road excitation. In particular, selected response quantities related to ride comfort are examined for characteristic combinations of the bus suspension stiffness and damping parameters.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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