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Dynamics of Multibody Systems: Generalized Mass Metric in Riemannian Velocity Space and Recursive Momentum Formulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Qiang Zhao

Ecole de Technologie Supérieure Université du Quebec, Montréal, QC, Canada

Hong Tao Wu

Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Paper No. DETC2007-34657, pp. 633-641; 9 pages
  • ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5: 6th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Parts A, B, and C
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, September 4–7, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4806-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3806-4
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


This paper describes two aspects of multibody system (MBS) dynamics on a generalized mass metric in Riemannian velocity space and recursive momentum formulation. Firstly, we present a detailed expression of the Riemannian metric and operator factorization of a generalized mass tensor for the dynamics of general-topology rigid MBS. The derived expression allows a clearly understanding the components of the generalized mass tensor, which also constitute a metric of the Riemannian velocity space. It is being the fact that there does exist a common metric in Lagrange and recursive Newton-Euler dynamic equation, we can determine, from the Riemannian geometric point of view, that there is the equivalent relationship between the two approaches to a given MBS. Next, from the generalized momentum definition in the derivation of the Riemannian velocity metrics, recursive momentum equations of MBS dynamics are developed for progressively more complex systems: serial chains, topological trees, and closed-loop systems. Through the principle of impulse and momentum, a new method is proposed for reorienting and locating the MBS form a given initial orientation and location to desired final ones without needing to solve the motion equations.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



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