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Nonlinear Normal Modes and Localization in Elastic Vibro-Impact Systems With Multiple Constraints

[+] Author Affiliations
David Wagg

University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Paper No. DETC2007-34641, pp. 203-211; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2007-34641
From:
  • ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5: 6th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control, Parts A, B, and C
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, September 4–7, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4806-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3806-4
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

In this paper we consider the dynamics of compliant mechanical systems subject to combined vibration and impact forcing. Two specific systems are considered; a two degree of freedom impact oscillator and a clamped-clamped beam. Both systems are subject to multiple motion limiting constraints. A mathematical formulation for modelling such systems is developed using a modal approach including a modal form of the coefficient of restitution rule. The possible impact configurations for an N degree of freedom lumped mass system are considered. We then consider sticking motions which occur when a single mass in the system becomes stuck to an impact stop, which is a form of periodic localization. Then using the example of a two degree of freedom system with two constraints we describe exact modal solutions for the free flight and sticking motions which occur in this system. A numerical example of a sticking orbit for this system is shown and we discuss identifying a nonlinear normal modal basis for the system. This is achieved by extending the normal modal basis to include localized modes. Finally preliminary experimental results from a clamped-clamped vibroimpacting beam are considered and a simplified model discussed which uses an extended modal basis including localized modes.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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