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Information Fusion Strategy for Aircraft Engine Health Management

[+] Author Affiliations
LiJie Yu, Dan Cleary, Mark Osborn, Vrinda Rajiv

General Electric Global Research, Niskayuna, NY

Paper No. GT2007-27174, pp. 531-538; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27174
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2007
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4790-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Modern aircraft engines are equipped with sophisticated sensing instruments to enable proactive condition monitoring and effective health management capability. Development of intelligent systems that efficiently process sensor and operational data both onboard and off-board, to provide maintenance personnel with timely decision support, is the key to minimize flight service disruption and reduce engine ownership cost. The goal of this research is to develop a practical approach and strategy to leverage various available information sources and modeling techniques to streamline the engine health management process and maximize system accuracy and efficiency. This paper demonstrates a flexible fusion architecture that encapsulates the key elements of the engine monitoring and diagnostic process, i.e., sensor trend analysis module for anomaly detection, feature selection and fault isolation module for root cause identification, a decision module for diagnostic model fusion and action determination, and finally, a feedback module for knowledge validation and continuous learning. At the core of this engine health management system is a diagnostic fusion model designed around a common fault hierarchy which captures both a priori probabilities and interactions among various engine faults isolated by different classification models. The fusion model will resolve conflicting assessments from individual diagnostic models and provide a more accurate and comprehensive engine state estimate.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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