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Thermodynamic Analysis and Possible Applications of the Integrated Pyrolysis Fuel Cell Plant (IPFCP)

[+] Author Affiliations
Simone Colantoni, Alessandro Corradetti, Umberto Desideri, Francesco Fantozzi

Università di Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Paper No. GT2007-27713, pp. 427-436; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-27713
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2007
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4790-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Biomass and waste are generally considered as a very promising option for fossil fuel substitution and greenhouse effect reduction in a sustainable energy scenario. This paper examines the possible lay-out and performance of an innovative energy system based on the integration of a high temperature fuel cell with a pyrolysis reactor. The pyrolyzer converts biomass or solid waste into syngas, which is cleaned from impurities and feeds a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), operating at 1000°C. A combustor supplies the energy required for pyrolysis, burning the solid and liquid fraction of the pyrolysis yield, as well as the un-oxidized fuel leaving the cell anode. Literature data have been used for determining pyrolysis yield as a function of reactor temperature and evaluating its effect on the plant thermodynamic efficiency. The coupling of the system to a gas turbine using the fuel cell as its combustion chamber is also evaluated. Results show that very interesting efficiencies are obtainable in the 20%–30% range.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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