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A Simplified Method to Evaluate the Impact of Component Design on Engine Performance

[+] Author Affiliations
Francesco Montella, J. P. van Buijtenen

Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Paper No. GT2007-28051, pp. 203-212; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2007-28051
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2007: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2007
  • Montreal, Canada, May 14–17, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4790-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3796-3
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a simplified and fast method to evaluate the impact of a single engine component design on the overall performance. It consists of three steps. In the first step, an engine system model is developed using available data on existing engines. Alongside the cycle reference point, a sweep of operating points within the flight envelop is simulated. The engine model is tuned to match a wide range of conditions. In the second step, the module that contains the engine component of interest is analyzed. Different correlations between the component design and the module efficiency are investigated. In the third step, the deviations in efficiency related to different component configurations are implemented in the engine baseline model. Eventually, the effects on the performances are evaluated. The procedure is demonstrated for the case of a two-spool turbofan. The effects of tip leakage in the low pressure turbine on the overall engine performance are analyzed. In today’s collaborative engine development programs, the OEMs facilitate the design process by using advanced simulation software, in-house available technical correlations and experience. Suppliers of parts have a limited influence on the design of the components they are responsible for. This can be rectified by the proposed methodology and give subcontractors a deeper insight into the design process. It is based on commercially available PC engine simulation tools and provides a general understanding of the relations between component design and engine performance. These relations may also take into account of aspects like production technology and materials in component optimization.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Design

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