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Centrifugal Rotor Tri-Hub Burst For Containment System Validation

[+] Author Affiliations
B. Manavi

Pratt and Whitney Canada, Mississauga, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2006-90120, pp. 661-669; 9 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Oil and Gas Applications; Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4240-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


The following paper outlines a methodology for accurately predicting the burst of a centrifugal rotor, for the purpose of certifying the tri-hub containment capability of an Auxiliary Power Unit gas turbine engine. The tri hub burst is achieved by introducing three equally spaced slots into a centrifugal rotor. Using 2D and 3D finite element analysis, the slot geometry was optimized to ensure burst of the centrifugal rotor at the desired speed, through spin pit testing, and to account for thermal and centrifugal growth for operation in an engine with proper tip clearances. In order to validate the versatility of this methodology, two centrifugal rotor geometries with different material properties (Ti6Al4V and Ti6Al2Sn4Zr6Mo) and operating conditions were analyzed. The analytical predictions were confirmed with isothermal spit pit tests using temperatures that approximate the bulk average temperature in the high stressed bore for an un-slotted centrifugal rotor. The results of spin pit tests were found to be within 0.4% of predicted values. Burst tests were subsequently conducted on a gas generator rig and a full engine test, where results were found to be within 2% of predicted values.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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