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The Impact of Surface Roughness on Axial Compressor Performance Deterioration

[+] Author Affiliations
Elisabet Syverud, Lars E. Bakken

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Paper No. GT2006-90004, pp. 491-501; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Oil and Gas Applications; Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4240-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Axial compressor deterioration due to removable deposits is a major concern in the operation of gas turbines. It is important to fully understand the flow mechanisms in order to successfully monitor and clean the engine. A test program on the GE J85-13 jet engine quantified the increased surface roughness and the distribution of salt deposits in an axial compressor. The test data showed good agreement with published data for stage performance deterioration. This paper compares the GE J85-13 test data on surface roughness to previously published work on surface roughness in compressors. The effect of surface roughness on the stage characteristics is modeled using theory for frictional losses, blockage and deviation. The results are compared to test data. The most significant effect of increased roughness is found to be the variation in the flow coefficient.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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