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Analyzing the Impact of Using Biodiesel in the Parameters of a 30 kW Micro-Turbine Control Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Manuel A. Rendón, Marco A. R. Do Nascimento, Pedro P. C. Mendes

Federal University of Itajubá, Itajubá, MG, Brazil

Paper No. GT2006-91259, pp. 467-476; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Marine; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Oil and Gas Applications; Structures and Dynamics, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4240-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


This work presents the modifications in a 30 kW gas micro-turbine speed control model, when it was supplied with castor bean biodiesel in several proportions. The concern about using biodiesel as an alternative fuel is increasing in the Brazilian distributed generation market. For this analytics, a complete study was developed considering the effects of using this new fuel. Characteristics like chemical composition, physical and chemical properties of the different mixtures were analyzed, especially focusing on the kinematic viscosity of the fuel. The tests results performed with the micro-turbine, originally projected for diesel, are shown. Mixtures of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 50 e 100% of biodesel were used, and several variables were measured in the whole range of power. The influence of the biodiesel characteristics in the model parameters are commented in the conclusions. The possible application of the proposed model in studies of electrical power network is suggested in the end of the article.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Turbines , Biodiesel



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