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Fog and Overspray Cooling for Gas Turbine Systems With Low Calorific Value Fuels

[+] Author Affiliations
Jobaidur Rahman Khan, Ting Wang

University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA

Paper No. GT2006-90396, pp. 669-682; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90396
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4239-8
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

During the summer, power output and the efficiency of gas turbines deteriorate significantly. Gas turbine inlet air fog cooling is considered a simple and cost-effective method to increase power output as well as, sometimes, thermal efficiency. During fog cooling, water is atomized to micro-scaled droplets and introduced into the inlet airflow. In addition to cooling the inlet air, overspray can further enhance output power by intercooling the compressor. With continued increase of volatility of natural gas prices and concerns regarding national energy security, alternative fuels such as low calorific value (LCV) synthetic gases (syngas) derived from gasification of coal, petroleum coke, or biomass are considered as important common fuels in the future. The effect of fogging/overspray on LCV fuel fired gas turbine systems is not clear. This paper specifically investigates this issue by developing a wet compression thermodynamic model that considers additional water and LCV fuel mass flows, non-stoichiometric combustion, and the auxiliary fuel compressor power. An in-house computational program, FogGT, has been developed to study the theoretical gas turbine performance by fixing the pressure ratio and turbine inlet temperature (TIT) assuming the gas turbine has been designed or modified to take in the additional mass flow rates from overspray and LCV fuels. Two LCV fuels of approximately 8% and 15% of the NG heating values, are considered respectively. Parametric studies have been performed to consider different ambient conditions and various overspray ratios with fuels of different low heating values. The results show, when LCV fuels are burned, the fuel compressor consumes about 10–18% of the turbine output power in comparison with 2% when NG is burned. LCV fueled GT is about 10–16% less efficient than NG fueled GT and produces 10–24% of net output power even though LCV fuels significantly increase fuel compressor power. When LCV fuels are burned, saturated fogging can achieve a net output power increases approximately 1–2%, while 2% overspray can achieve 20% net output enhancement. As the ambient temperature or relative humidity increases, the net output power decreases. Fog/overspray could either slightly increase or decrease the thermal efficiency depending on the ambient conditions.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Fuels , Gas turbines

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