0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

3-D Numerical Simulation of Contact Angle Hysteresis for Slug Flow in Microchannel

[+] Author Affiliations
Chen Fang, Carlos Hidrovo, Fumin Wang, Julie Steinbrenner, Eonsoo Lee, Kenneth Goodson

Stanford University, Stanford, CA

Dongrip Kim

Stanford Uinversity, Stanford, CA

Paper No. ICNMM2007-30199, pp. 955-963; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICNMM2007-30199
From:
  • ASME 2007 5th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 5th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Puebla, Mexico, June 18–20, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4272-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3800-5
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

Water management that ensures the effective removal of produced water in the microchannel at the cathode is critical for the performance of PEM fuel cells. The small dimension and confined space of channels leads to the importance of the surface force in determining the dynamics of inside liquid slugs. The present study focuses on the simulation of the slug detachment process in the micro-channel, using a contact angle hysteresis model within the framework of VOF approach. Based on solving the nonlinear equations accounting for the relationship among volume fraction, interface position, and contact angle, a special model is developed to replicate the hysteresis effect. In addition, a special algorithm is introduced to simulate the thin liquid/gas films. A systematic comparison between experiment and simulation has been conducted and the quantitative match in terms of slug dimensions is achieved for a wide range of flow conditions. The simulation reveals that the contact angle distribution along the slug profile could be approximated using piecewise linear function. The calculation also shows that the contact angle hysteresis might be responsible for several phenomena observed in experiment, such as slug instability.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In