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Comparative Investigation of Advanced Combined Cycles

[+] Author Affiliations
Hiwa Khaledi

Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Kazem Sarabchi

University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Paper No. GT2006-90011, pp. 475-485; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90011
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4239-8
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Combined cycles, at present, have a prominent role in the power generation and advanced combined cycles efficiencies have now reached to 60 percent. Examination of thermodynamic behavior of these cycles is still carried out to determine optimum configuration and optimum design conditions for any cycle arrangement. Actually the performance parameters of these cycles are under the influence of various parameters and therefore the recognition of the optimum conditions is quiet complicated. In this research an extensive thermodynamic model was developed for analyzing major parameters variations on gas turbine performance and different configurations of advanced steam cycles: dual and triple pressure cycles with and without reheating in steam turbine sections. In this model it is attempted to consider all factors that affect on actual behavior of these cycles such as blade cooling (air cooling) in gas turbine and different formulations for Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) performance calculation. Results show good agreement with manufactures data. In the case of gas turbine cycle, location of coolant extraction has large influence on cycle performance. For extraction from compressor end, improving blade cooling technology is suitable than increasing TIT. For mid stage extraction, improving blade cooling technology and TIT has similar effects on efficiency, while power is more sensitive to TIT. Coolant air precooling has large positive effect in high TIT and medium blade cooling technology, but always it increases power. Turbine exhaust temperature has large influence on optimum layout and configuration of HRSG, while for low exhaust temperatures increasing number of pressure levels increase power and heat recovery greatly, for high exhaust temperatures this leads lower enhancement in power and recovery. Second law efficiency of HRSG is proportional to power production in steam cycle. It decreases with increasing gas turbine exhaust temperature.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME
Topics: Cycles

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