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A Solar Gas Turbine Cycle With Super-Critical Carbon Dioxide as a Working Fluid

[+] Author Affiliations
Motoaki Utamura, Yutaka Tamaura

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2006-90864, pp. 329-335; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4239-8
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Solar thermal power generation system equipped with molten salt thermal storage offers continuous operation at a rated power independent of the variation of insolation. A gas turbine cycle for solar applications is studied which works in a moderate temperature range (600–850K) where molten salt stays as liquid stably. It is found that a closed cycle with super-critical state of carbon dioxide as a working fluid is a promising candidate for solar application. The cycle featured in smaller compressor work would achieve high cycle efficiency if cycle configuration and operation conditions are chosen properly. The temperature effectiveness of a regenerative heat exchanger is shown to govern the efficiency. Under the condition of 98% temperature effectiveness, the regenerative cycle with pre- and inter-cooling provides cycle efficiency of as much as 47%. A novel heat exchanger design to realize such a high temperature effectiveness is also presented.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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