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Military Engine Response to Compressor Inlet Stratified Pressure Distortion by an Integrated CFD Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Leonardo Melloni

Rome, Italy

Petros Kotsiopoulos

Hellenic Air Force Academy, Dekeleia Air Base, Greece

Anthony Jackson, Vassilios Pachidis, Pericles Pilidis

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK

Paper No. GT2006-90805, pp. 267-278; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4239-8
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Especially in aircraft applications, the inlet flow is quite often non uniform resulting in severe changes in compressor performance and hence, engine performance. The magnitude of this phenomenon can be amplified in military engines due to the complex shape of intake ducts and the extreme flight conditions. The usual approach to engine performance simulation is based on non-dimensional maps for compressors and turbines and assumes uniform flow characteristics throughout the engine. In the context of the whole engine performance, component-level, complex physical processes, such as compressor inlet flow distortion, can not be captured and analyzed. This work adopts a simulation strategy that allows the performance characteristics of an engine component, resolved from a detailed, high-fidelity analysis, to be transferred to an engine system analysis carried out at a lower level of fidelity. The methodology described in this paper utilizes an object-oriented, zero-dimensional gas turbine modeling and performance simulation system and a high-fidelity, three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), low-pressure compressor model. The CFD model is based on the overall geometry and performance of the low-pressure compressor of a modern, two-spool, low by-pass ratio (LBR) military turbofan engine and is subjected to both clean and distorted inlet flows. The analysis involves the generation of two characteristic maps for the first stage of the LP compressor from CFD simulations that account for a range of operating conditions and power settings with a uniform and a distorted inlet flow. The same simulation strategy could be adopted for other engine components such as the intake or the high-pressure compressor and for different magnitudes and types of distortion (i.e. radial, circumferential). By integrating the CFD-generated maps, into the 0-D engine analysis system, this paper presents a relative comparison between the ‘uniform-inlet’ engine performance (baseline compressor stage map) and the engine performance obtained after using the map accounting for a typical extent of stratified inlet distortion. The analysis carried out by this study, demonstrates relative changes in the simulated engine performance larger than 1%.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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