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Comparative Analysis of Hydrogen Combustion Power Plants Integrated With Coal Gasification and CO2 Removal

[+] Author Affiliations
Michele Vascellari, Daniele Cocco, Giorgio Cau

University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy

Paper No. GT2006-90653, pp. 207-217; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90653
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration; Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4239-8
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Two power generation systems with pre-combustion CO2 capture fuelled with hydrogen from coal gasification are analyzed and compared from a thermodynamic and economic standpoint. The first solution, referred as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with CO2 Removal (IGCC-CR), is fuelled with hydrogen produced by the integrated gasification section. The second, referred as Integrated Gasification Hydrogen Cycle (IGHC), is based on the oxycombustion of hydrogen, producing steam that expands through an advanced high temperature steam turbine. The two H2 production sections are similar for both power plants, some minor modifications having been made to achieve better integration with the corresponding power sections. System performance is investigated using coherent assumptions to enable comparative analysis on the same basis. The plants have overall efficiencies of around 39.8% for IGCC-CR and 40.6% for IGHC, slightly lower than conventional IGCCs (without CO2 capture) with a CO2 removal efficiencies of 91% and 100% respectively. Lastly a preliminary economic analysis shows an increase in the cost of electricity compared to conventional IGCCs of about 44% for IGCC-CR and 50% IGHC.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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