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Investigation of Three-Dimensional Flow in Microchannels With Patterned Surfaces

[+] Author Affiliations
Auro Ashish Saha, Sushanta K. Mitra

Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay, Mumbai, Maharastra, India

Paper No. ICNMM2007-30052, pp. 527-534; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICNMM2007-30052
From:
  • ASME 2007 5th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • ASME 5th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Puebla, Mexico, June 18–20, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4272-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3800-5
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME

abstract

A three-dimensional numerical simulation of flow in patterned microchannel with alternate layers of hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces at the bottom wall is studied here. Surface characteristics of the microchannel are accounted by specifying the contact angle and the surface tension of the fluid. Meniscus profiles with varying amplitude and shapes are obtained under the different specified surface conditions. Flow instability increases as the fluid at the bottom wall traverses alternately from hydrophilic region to hydrophobic region. To understand the surface tension effect of the side walls, a two-dimensional numerical study has also been carried out for the microchannel and the results are compared with three-dimensional simulation. The surface tension effect of the side walls enhances the capillary effect for three-dimensional case.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME

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