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Development of an In-Situ Laser Absorption NO/NO2 Measuring System for Gas Turbine Exhaust Jets

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. Zhu, H. Yamada, S. Hayashi

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2006-90246, pp. 515-520; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90246
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Aircraft Engine; Ceramics; Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Environmental and Regulatory Affairs
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4237-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

A diode-laser absorption system having the potential of simultaneous determination of NO and NO2 concentrations in the exhaust jets from gas turbines has been being developed. The sensitivities of the detection units at a typical exhaust gas temperature of 800 K were estimated as 30 ppmv-m and 3.7 ppmv-m for NO and NO2 , respectively. Experiments using simulated exhaust gas flows have shown that CO2 do not have any interference with the NO and NO2 measurements. The detection limits in ppm of the system were considerably lowered by using a multi-pass optical system. A pair of off-axis parabola mirrors was useful to prevent the laser beam from straying from the detection area of the sensor due to the beam steering in the exhaust gas. Furthermore, the multi-path optical duct fabricated with 14 mirrors on the inner wall was effective in the measurement of NO and NO2 in the exhaust gas from gas turbines.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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