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Flame Propagation Following the Autoignition of Axisymmetric Hydrogen, Acetylene and Normal-Heptane Plumes in Turbulent Co-Flows of Hot Air

[+] Author Affiliations
Christos N. Markides, Epaminondas Mastorakos

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. GT2006-91157, pp. 843-852; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


Axisymmetric plumes of hydrogen, acetylene or n-heptane were formed by the continuous injection of (pure or nitrogen-diluted) fuel into turbulent co-flows of hot air. Autoignition and subsequent flame propagation was visualized with a high-speed intensified camera. The resulting phenomena include the statistically steady ‘Random Spots’ and the ‘Flashback’ regimes. It was found that with higher velocities and smaller injector diameters, the boundary between Flashback and Random Spots shifted to higher air temperatures. In the Random Spots regime, the autoignition regions moved closer to the injector with increasing air temperature and/or decreasing air velocity. After a localized explosive autoignition event, flames propagated into the unburnt mixture in all directions and eventually extinguished, giving rise to autoignition ‘spots’ of mean radius 2–5mm for hydrogen and 6–10mm for the hydrocarbons. The average flame propagation velocity in both the axial and radial directions varied between 0.5 and 1.2 times the laminar burning speed of the stoichiometric mixture, increasing as the autoigniting regions shifted upstream.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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