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Gasified Biomass Fuelled Gas Turbine: Combustion Stability and Selective Catalytic Oxidation of Fuel-Bound Nitrogen

[+] Author Affiliations
Jeevan Jayasuriya, Arturo Manrique, Reza Fakhrai, Jan Fredriksson, Torsten Fransson

Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

Paper No. GT2006-90988, pp. 773-780; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90988
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Low heating value of gasified biomass and its fuel bound nitrogen containing compounds challenge the efforts on utilizing gasified biomass on gas turbine combustor. Low heating value of the gas brings along combustion stability issues and pollutant emission concerns. The fuel bound nitrogen present in gasified biomass could completely be converted to NOx during the combustion process. Catalytic combustion technology, showing promising developments on ultra low emission gas turbine combustion of natural gas could also be the key to successful utilization of biomass in gas turbine combustor. Catalysts could stabilize the combustion process of low heating value gas while the proper design of the catalytic configuration could selectively convert the fuel bound nitrogen into molecular nitrogen. This paper presents preliminary results of the experimental investigations on combustion stability and nitrogen selectivity in selective catalytic oxidation of ammonia in catalytic combustion followed by a brief description of the design of catalytic combustion test facility. The fuel-NOx reduction strategy considered in this study was to preprocess fuel in the catalytic system to remove fuel bound nitrogen before real combustion reactions occurs. The catalytic combustion system studied here contained two stage reactor in one unit containing fuel preprocessor (SCO catalyst) and combustion catalysts. Experiments were performed under lean combustion conditions (λ value from 6 up to 22) using a simulated mixture of gasified biomass. The Selective Catalytic Oxidation approach was considered to reduce the conversion of NH3 into N2 . Results showed very good combustion stability, higher combustion efficiency and good ignition performances under the experimental conditions. However, the selective oxidation of fuel bound nitrogen into N2 was only in the range of 20% to 30% under the above conditions.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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