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CFD Based Analysis of Burner Fuel Air Mixing Over a Range of Air Inlet and Fuel Pre-Heat Temperatures for a Siemens V94.3A Gas Turbine Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
O. R. Darbyshire, A. Evans

RWEnpower, Didcott, Oxon, UK

C. W. Wilson, S. B. M. Beck

University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Paper No. GT2006-90944, pp. 709-714; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90944
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The homogeneity of the fuel/air mix entering the combustion chamber of a gas turbine is known to be a factor in both the emissions performance (with poor mixing resulting in local hotspots and the formation of thermal NOx ) and the generation of acoustic vibrations (humming). Obviously it is desirable to reduce both pollutants and unwanted acoustics as far as possible. The aim of this paper is to study the relationship between the local inlet conditions and the mixing of the fuel and air, specifically looking at the effects of fuel gas preheating and inlet air temperature on mixedness at the combustor inlet. A CFD model of the lean pre-mixed combustor for a Siemens v94.3A gas turbine was used to analyse the problem. The 3-dimensional model employs a structured mesh scheme and uses the symmetry of the burner to reduce computational effort. The model was solved using a 2nd order discretisation of the momentum and continuity equations along with the RNG k-ε turbulence model to provide closure. The boundary conditions for the model were taken from data obtained from in service measurements. Several runs were made using air inlet temperatures varying from −10°C to 30°C and gas inlet temperatures from 10°C to 450°C. The data obtained from the CFD simulations was processed to give an indication of the quality of the fuel/air mixing for each set of inlet conditions. This was then used to create a tool which can be used to determine the amount of gas pre-heat required to achieve the best possible mixing for a given set of ambient conditions. An estimation of the NOx produced at different conditions was derived from the mixing data. Analysis of the results showed that increasing the gas preheat produces an improvement in the mixing of the fuel and air in the burner. This improvement in mixing also resulted in a reduction in the estimated amount of NOx produced.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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