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A Novel Approach to Predicting NOx Emissions From Dry Low Emissions Gas Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Khawar J. Syed, Peter Martin

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, Ltd., Lincoln, UK

Kirsten Roden

Siemens AG, Erlangen, Germany

Paper No. GT2006-90333, pp. 271-280; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90333
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

An empirical modelling concept for the prediction of NOx emissions from Dry Low Emissions (DLE) gas turbines is presented. The approach is more suited to low emissions operation than are traditional approaches. The latter, though addressing key operating parameters, such as temperature and pressure drop, do not address issues such as variation in fuel/air distribution through the use of multi fuel stream systems, which are commonly applied in DLE combustors to enable flame stability over the full operating range. Additionally the pressure drop dependence of NOx in such systems is complex and the exponent of a simple pressure drop term can vary substantially. The present approach derives the NOx model from the equations that govern the NOx chemistry, the fuel/air distribution and the dependence of the main reaction zone upon its controlling parameters. The approach is evaluated through comparing its characteristics with data obtained from high pressure testing of a DLE combustor fuelled with natural gas. The data were acquired at a constant pressure and preheat temperature (14 Bara and 400°C) and a range of flame temperatures and flow rates. Though the model is configured to address both relatively fast and slow NOx formation routes, the present validation is conducted under conditions where the latter is negligible. The model is seen to reproduce key features apparent in the data, in particular the variable pressure drop dependence without any ad-hoc manipulation of a pressure drop exponent.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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