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Enhanced External Aerodynamic Performance of a Generic Combustor Using an Integrated OGV/Pre-Diffuser Design Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Duncan Walker, Jon F. Carrotte, James J. McGuirk

Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK

Paper No. GT2006-90184, pp. 149-160; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90184
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The paper uses experimental measurements to characterise the extent that improved external aerodynamic performance (reduced total pressure loss, increased flow quality) of a gas-turbine combustion system may be achieved by adopting an integrated OGV/pre-diffuser technique. Two OGV/pre-diffuser combinations were tested. The first is a datum design corresponding to a conventional design approach, where OGV and pre-diffuser are essentially designed in isolation. The second is an ‘integrated’ design where the OGV blade shape has been modified, following recommendations of earlier CFD work ([14]), to produce a secondary flow/wake structure that allows the pre-diffuser to operate at a higher area ratio without boundary layer separation. This is demonstrated to increase static pressure recovery and reduce dump losses. Experimental measurements are presented on a fully annular rig. Several traverse planes are used to gather 5-hole probe data which allow the flow structure through the OGV, at inlet and exit of the pre-diffuser, and in the inner/outer annulus supply ducts to be examined. Both overall performance measures (loss coefficients) and measures of flow uniformity and quality are used to demonstrate that the integrated design is superior.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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