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Projection Metrics for Rigid-Body Displacements

[+] Author Affiliations
Pierre M. Larochelle

Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL

Andrew P. Murray

University of Dayton, Dayton, OH

Paper No. DETC2005-84698, pp. 1025-1030; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2005-84698
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7: 29th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Long Beach, California, USA, September 24–28, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4744-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3766-1
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

An open research question is how to define a useful metric on SE(n) with respect to (1) the choice of coordinate frames and (2) the units used to measure linear and angular distances. We present two techniques for approximating elements of the special Euclidean group SE(n) with elements of the special orthogonal group SO(n+1). These techniques are based on the singular value and polar decompositions (denoted as SVD and PD respectively) of the homogeneous transform representation of the elements of SE(n). The projection of the elements of SE(n) onto SO(n+1) yields hyperdimensional rotations that approximate the rigid-body displacements (hence the term projection metric. A bi-invariant metric on SO(n+1) may then be used to measure the distance between any two spatial displacements. The results are PD and SVD based projection metrics on SE(n). These metrics have applications in motion synthesis, robot calibration. motion interpolation, and hybrid robot control.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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