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Influence of Air and Fuel Mass Flow Fluctuations in a Premix Swirl Burner on Flame Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
M. P. Auer, C. Hirsch, T. Sattelmayer

Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2006-90127, pp. 97-106; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90127
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Combustion and Fuels, Education
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4236-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

This paper discusses the structural changes observed in oscillating premixed turbulent swirling flames and demonstrates the influence of modulated mass flows on the flame dynamics in a preheated atmospheric test rig with a natural gas fired swirl burner. The experimentally investigated self excited and forced combustion oscillations of swirl stabilized premixed flames show varying time delays between the acoustically driven mass flow oscillations and the integral heat release rate of the flame. High speed films of the OH*-chemiluminescence reveal how the flame structure changes with the oscillation frequency and the phase angle between the fuel mass flow oscillation and the total mass flow at the burner exit. These parameters are found determine the spatial and temporal heat release distribution and thus the net heat release fluctuation. Therefore, the spatial and temporal heat release distribution along the flame length has an influence on the thermoacoustic coupling, even in the case of acoustically compact flames. The observed phenomena are discussed further using an 1-d analytical model. It underscores that for swirl stabilized premixed turbulent flames the dynamics of the flow field perturbation play a major role in creating the effective heat release fluctuation.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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