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Natural Gas Decarbonisation Technologies for Advanced Power Plants

[+] Author Affiliations
Marco Gambini, Michela Vellini

University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy

Paper No. POWER2006-88105, pp. 621-632; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2006-88105
From:
  • ASME 2006 Power Conference
  • ASME 2006 Power Conference
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, May 2–4, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4205-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3776-9
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

In this paper two options for H2 production, by means of natural gas, are presented and their performances are evaluated when they are integrated with advanced H2 /air cycles. In this investigation two different schemes have been analysed: an advanced combined cycle power plant (CC) and a new advanced mixed cycle power plant (AMC). The two methods for producing H2 are as follows: • steam methane reforming: it is the simplest and potentially the most economic method for producing hydrogen in the foreseeable future; • partial oxidation of methane: it could offer an energy advantage because this method reduces energy requirement of the reforming process. These hydrogen production plants require material and energetic integrations with power section and the best interconnections must be investigated in order to obtain good overall performance. With reference to thermodynamic and economic performance, significant comparisons have been made between the above introduced reference plants. An efficiency decrease and an increase in the cost of electricity has been obtained when power plants are equipped with a natural gas decarbonisation section. The main results of the performed investigation are quite variable among the different H2 production technologies here considered: the efficiency decreases in a range of 5.5 percentage points to nearly 10 for the partial oxidation of the natural gas and in a range of 8.8 percentage points to over 12 for the steam methane reforming. The electricity production cost increases in a range of about 41–42% for the first option and in a range of about 34–38% for the second one. The AMC, coupled with partial oxidation, stands out among the other power plant solutions here analysed because it exhibits the highest net efficiency and the lowest final specific CO2 emission. In addition to this, economic impact is favourable when AMC is equipped with systems for H2 production based on partial oxidation of natural gas.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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