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Topology Optimization of the Inner Reinforcement for a Vehicle’s Hood Using Evolutionary Procedure

[+] Author Affiliations
In-Seob Shin, Jae-Yong Park, Seog-Young Han

Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea

Timothy C. Kennedy

Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

Paper No. DETC2005-84322, pp. 635-640; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4c: 18th Reliability, Stress Analysis, and Failure Prevention Conference
  • Long Beach, California, USA, September 24–28, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4741-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3766-1
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Topology optimization of the inner reinforcement for a vehicle’s hood has been performed by evolutionary structural optimization (ESO) method. The purpose of this study is to obtain optimal topology of the inner reinforcement for a vehicle’s hood considering static stiffness and natural frequency simultaneously. To do this, the multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) technique was implemented. From several combinations of weighting factors, a Pareto-optimal solution was obtained. Optimal topologies were obtained by the ESO method, i.e., by eliminating the elements having the lowest efficiency from the structural domain. Topology optimization for a static stiffness problem has been accomplished by removing the element having the lowest efficiency measured by the elastic strain energy efficiency factor. Likewise, topology optimization for a natural frequency problem has been performed by eliminating the elements having the lowest efficiency measured by the natural frequency efficiency factor. As the weighting factor for natural frequency goes from zero to 1, it was found that the optimal topology transitions from the optimal topology of the static stiffness problem to that of the natural frequency problem. Therefore, it was concluded that the ESO method can be effectively applied to topology optimization of the inner reinforcement of a vehicle’s hood.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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