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The Influence of Reynolds Number, Mach Number and Incidence Effects on Loss Production in Low Pressure Turbine Airfoils

[+] Author Affiliations
Raúl Vázquez, Antonio Antoranz, David Cadrecha, Leyre Armañanzas

Industria de Turbopropulsores S.A., Madrid, Spain

Paper No. GT2006-91121, pp. 949-960; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-91121
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 6: Turbomachinery, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4241-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents an experimental study of the flow field in an annular cascade of Low Pressure Turbine airfoils. The influence of Reynolds number, Mach number and incidence on profile and end wall losses have been investigated. The annular cascade consisted of 100 high lift, high aspect ratio, high turning blades that are characteristic of modern LP Turbines. The investigation was carried out for a wide range of Reynolds numbers, extending from 120k to 315k, exit Mach numbers, from 0.5 to 0.9, and incidences from −20 to +14 degrees. Results clearly indicate a significant effect of incidence and Mach number in secondary loss production; however, the Reynolds number shows it much weaker impact. It has also been found that the profile loss production is strongly influenced by both Reynolds and Mach numbers, being the impact of the incidence weaker. Finally, measured data suggest that, in order to properly reproduce the performance of these types of airfoils, annular cascades can be required as far as linear cascades may miss some essential flow features.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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