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Rim Seal Ingestion Characteristics for Axial Gap Rim Seals in a Closely-Spaced Turbine Stage From a Numerical Simulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Cheng-Zhang Wang, David F. Cloud, Roger E. Paolillo

Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

Bruce V. Johnson

InfoTech Aerospace Services, Manchester, CT

T. K. Vashist

InfoTech Enterprises Ltd., Bangalore, India

Ramendra P. Roy

Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ

Paper No. GT2006-90965, pp. 1561-1570; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90965
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Turbine rim seal ingestion in gas turbines is influenced by many geometric and flow parameters. For turbine stages where the vanes and blades are closely spaced, the time-dependent pressure and flow fields near the seal strongly influence the rim seal ingestion. Numerical simulations of a close-spaced configuration, similar to that used in previous experiments, were made to determine the complex 3-D, time-dependent flow and ingestion characteristics of an axial gap rim seal. The calculated pressure fields were in general agreement with previously published experimental data. The radial velocities inward and outward in the axial gap seal were appreciable fractions of the hub tangential velocity and varied with position across the airfoil pitch and the axial location in the seal. The tangential velocities in the gap varied with flow direction, generally greater than hub velocity for flow ingress and less than hub velocity for flow ingress and less than hub velocity for flow egress. Velocity jets upstream of the blade leading edge penetrated into the disk cavity approximately 10 times the seal width. The ingestion velocities for this configuration were dominated by the blade bow wave pressure field. One conclusion of the authors is that the blade pressure field can be as or more significant than the vane trailing pressure field in influencing rim seal ingestion.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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