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Effect of Jet Pulsing on Film Cooling: Part 2 — Heat Transfer Results

[+] Author Affiliations
Sarah M. Coulthard

Stanford University, Stanford, CA

Ralph J. Volino, Karen A. Flack

U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

Paper No. GT2006-91274, pp. 1095-1104; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-91274
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Pulsed film cooling was studied experimentally to determine its effect on film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer. The film cooling jets were pulsed using solenoid valves in the supply air line. Cases with a single row of cylindrical film cooling holes inclined at 35 degrees to the surface of a flat plate were considered at blowing ratios of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 for a variety of pulsing frequencies and duty cycles. Temperature measurements were made using an infrared camera and thermocouples. The plate was equipped with constant flux surface heaters, and data were acquired for each flow condition with the plate both heated and unheated. The local film cooling effectiveness, Stanton numbers, and heat flux ratios were calculated and compared to baseline cases with continuous blowing and no blowing. Stanton number signatures on the surface provided evidence of flow structures including horseshoe vortices wrapping around the film cooling jets and vortices within the jets. Pulsing tends to increase Stanton numbers, and the effect tends to increase with pulsing frequency and duty cycle. Some exceptions were observed, however, at the highest frequencies tested. Overall heat flux ratios also show that pulsing tends to have a detrimental effect with some exceptions at the highest frequencies. The best overall film cooling was achieved with continuous jets and a blowing ratio of 0.5. The present results may prove useful for understanding film cooling behavior in engines, where mainflow unsteadiness causes film cooling jet pulsation.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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