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Aerodynamic and Heat Flux Measurements in a Single Stage Fully Cooled Turbine: Part I — Experimental Approach

[+] Author Affiliations
C. W. Haldeman, R. M. Mathison, M. G. Dunn, S. Southworth, J. W. Harral

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

G. Heitland

Honeywell Aerospace, Phoenix, AZ

Paper No. GT2006-90966, pp. 751-762; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90966
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

This paper describes the experimental approach utilized to perform experiments using a fully cooled rotating turbine stage to obtain film effectiveness measurements. Significant changes to the previous experimental apparatus were implemented to meet the experimental objectives. The modifications include the development of a synchronized blowdown facility to provide cooling gas to the turbine stage, installation of a heat exchanger capable of generating a uniform or patterned inlet temperature profile, novel utilization of temperature and pressure instrumentation, and development of robust double-sided heat flux gauges. With these modifications, time-averaged and time-accurate measurements of temperature, pressure, surface heat flux, and film effectiveness can be made over a wide range of operational parameters duplicating the non-dimensional parameters necessary to simulate engine conditions. Data from low Reynolds number experiments are presented to demonstrate that all appropriate scaling parameters can be satisfied and that the new components have operated correctly. Along with airfoil surface heat transfer and pressure data, temperature and pressure data from inside the coolant plenums of the vane and rotating blade airfoils are presented. Pressure measurements obtained inside the vane and blade plenum chambers illustrate passing of the wakes and shocks as a result of vane/blade interaction. Part II of this paper presents data from the low Reynolds number cooling experiments and compares these measurements to CFD predictions generated using the Numeca FINE/Turbo package at multiple spans on the vanes and blades.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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