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The Influence of Including a Partially Smooth Section in the 2nd Leg of an Internally Ribbed Two Pass Cooling Channel

[+] Author Affiliations
Detlef Pape, Sean Jenkins, Jens von Wolfersdorf, Bernhard Weigand

University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

Martin Schnieder

ALSTOM (Schweiz) AG, Baden, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2006-90802, pp. 633-645; 13 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90802
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Internal cooling schemes for blades in a gas turbine engine often are subject to compromises between increased pressure losses in return for greater levels of heat transfer required to maintain durability levels in the engine’s harsh environment. Rib configurations have been the subject of much study in past years, however these configurations are normally presumed to be used in “full-coverage” mode, meaning that the ribs are placed in the channel in a continuous and uniform manner. This study investigates the interaction between the bend effects downstream of a 180° bend, which cause higher local heat transfer, and the effect of ribs. Some of the ribs directly downstream of the 180° bend in the 2nd leg of a two pass high aspect ratio (4:1) channel were removed and the effect on heat transfer was assessed. Experimental results showed that the heat transfer level recovered quickly once ribs were encountered. As expected, some decrease in heat transfer was observed in the region where ribs were removed; however total pressure losses in the channel were also much lower. Results include detailed two-dimensional heat transfer distributions determined by the transient liquid crystal method as well as an analysis of the balance between pressure recovery and local heat transfer levels. Generally, for the accuracy of the transient liquid crystal technique in complex three-dimensional flows, strongly varying fluid temperatures present in and downstream of the bend region must be taken into account. For this study, time and position dependent fluid temperature distributions were measured to account for these effects, making it possible to obtain high quality heat transfer results in those regions.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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