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Blade Tip Heat Transfer and Aerodynamics in a Large Scale Turbine Cascade With Moving Endwall

[+] Author Affiliations
P. Palafox, M. L. G. Oldfield, P. T. Ireland, T. V. Jones

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

J. E. LaGraff

Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

Paper No. GT2006-90425, pp. 469-482; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90425
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

High resolution Nusselt number (Nu) distributions were measured on the blade tip surface of a large, 1.0 meter-chord, low-speed cascade representative of a high-pressure turbine. Data was obtained at a Reynolds number of 4.0 × 105 based on exit velocity and blade axial chord. Tip clearance levels ranged from 0.56% to 1.68% design span or equally from 1% to 3% of blade chord. An infrared camera, looking through the hollow blade, made detailed temperature measurements on a constant heat flux tip surface. The relative motion between the endwall and the blade tip was simulated by a moving belt. The moving belt endwall significantly to shifts the region of high Nusselt number distribution and reduces the overall averaged Nusselt number on the tip surface by up to 13.3%. The addition of a suction side squealer tip significantly reduced local tip heat transfer and resulted in a 32% reduction in averaged Nusselt number. Analysis of pressure measurements on the blade airfoil surface and tip surface along with PIV velocity flow fields in the gap give an understanding of the heat transfer mechanism.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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