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Local Internal Impingement Heat Transfer Near a 90 Deg Row of Film Cooling Holes: Part 2 — Effect of Jet Row Position

[+] Author Affiliations
Lei Xu, Haiping Chang, Guoqiang Chang

Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China

Paper No. GT2006-90196, pp. 183-187; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90196
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

Investigation of local heat transfer characteristics near a row of film cooling holes in the inner side of a simulated turbine blade midchord region with impingement has been carried out experimentally. The research about heat transfer characteristics is focused on three diameter of film cooling hole area located upstream and downstream a row of film cooling holes, which angle is at a 90 degrees. The internal impingement air is provided by a single line of equally spaced jets. The film cooling air extracts through a line of holes on the impinging target plate. The projection of the jets on the target plate is always on the center line between two film holes. The spacing of the jet holes is twice that of the film cooling holes. The effect of the streamwise arrangement of the impingement nozzles relative to the position of the film cooling holes and impinging distance on the heat transfer characteristics have been mainly investigated. The experiment is conducted under the flow condition of Reynolds number 10000∼30000, crossflow-to-jet mass flux ratio based on each channel/jet hole section area 0.1 and film outflow-to-crossflow mass flux ratio based on film cooling hole/channel section 12∼20. In the range of experimental parameter, the experimental results indicate that there is optimal ratio of the impinging distance to film hole diameter, on which the heat transfer characteristics is best. Similarly for the area upstream film cooling hole, there is the optimal ratio of distance of the impingement nozzles relative to the position of the film cooling holes to film hole diameter. As impinging holes are away from film cooling holes in the streamwise direction of crossflow, the effect of impingement on local heat transfer near film cooling holes is weakened, but film cooling extraction effect stand out. The place closer to the hole will have stronger heat transfer whether upstream the film cooling holes or downstream the holes. Based on this, the effects of position of the jets relative to the film cooling holes on the heat transfer characteristics have been obtained qualitatively and quantitatively. It can be the important reference for accurately designing gas turbine blade.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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