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The Effects of Varying the Combustor-Turbine Gap

[+] Author Affiliations
N. D. Cardwell, N. Sundaram, K. A. Thole

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. GT2006-90089, pp. 91-102; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2006-90089
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Barcelona, Spain, May 8–11, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4238-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3774-2
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

To protect hot turbine components, cooler air is bled from the high pressure section of the compressor and routed around the combustor where it is then injected through the turbine surfaces. Some of this high pressure air also leaks through the mating gaps formed between assembled turbine components where these components experience expansions and contractions as the turbine goes through operational cycles. This study presents endwall adiabatic effectiveness levels measured using a scaled up, two-passage turbine vane cascade. The focus of this study is evaluating the effects of thermal expansion and contraction for the combustor-turbine interface. Increasing the mass flow rate for the slot leakage between the combustor and turbine showed increased local adiabatic effectiveness levels while increasing the momentum flux ratio for the slot leakage dictated the coverage area for the cooling. With the mass flow held constant, decreasing the combustor-turbine interface width caused an increase in uniformity of coolant exiting the slot, particularly across the pressure side endwall surface. Increasing the width of the interface had the opposite effect thereby reducing coolant coverage on the endwall surface.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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