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Numerical Modeling of Combustion Processes and Pollutants Formation in Direct Injection Diesel Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Hoo-Joong Kim, Nam-Il Heo, Yong-Mo Kim

Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea

Sung-Mo Kang, Jae-Hyun Ahn

CLEANCOM Inc., Seoul, Korea

Paper No. PVP2002-1543, pp. 121-131; 11 pages
  • ASME 2002 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Computational Technologies for Fluid/Thermal/Structural/Chemical Systems With Industrial Applications, Volume 1
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, August 5–9, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4659-8
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The Representative Interactive Flamelet (RIF) concept has been applied to numerically simulate the combustion processes and pollutant formation in the direct injection diesel engine. Due to the ability for interactively describing the transient behaviors of local flame structures with CFD solver, the RIF concept has the capabilities to predict the auto-ignition and subsequent flame propagation in the diesel engine combustion chamber as well as to effectively account for the detailed mechanisms of soot formation, NOx formation including thermal NO path, prompt and nitrous NOx formation, and reburning process. Special emphasis is given to the turbulent combustion model which properly accounts for vaporization effects on the mixture fraction fluctuations and the pdf model. The results of numerical modeling using the RIF concept are compared with experimental data and with numerical results of the commonly applied procedure which the low-temperature and high-temperature oxidation processes are represented by the Shell ignition model and the eddy dissipation model, respectively. Numerical results indicate that the RIF approach including the vaporization effect on turbulent spray combustion process successfully predicts the ignition delay time and location as well as the pollutant formation.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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