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Simulation of Steady State Surface Temperature Response of a Novel Micro Loop Heat Pipe to Various Heat Loads

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Ghajar, J. Darabi

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Paper No. HT2005-72551, pp. 633-640; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 Summer Heat Transfer Conference collocated with the ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 2
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 17–22, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4732-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3762-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Numerical investigations have been performed to simulate a novel Micro Loop Heat Pipe (MLHP) under steady state conditions. For most electronics, the maximum working temperature is an important design factor; therefore an accurate estimation of this temperature is crucial. The model predicts the steady state temperature distribution at the surface of the heat source as a function of applied heat loads. This code builds upon a previous code developed by the authors [1], and utilizes a hybridizing of an Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code and relevant thermodynamic equations. Using this simulation tool, the minimum required compensation chamber cavity has been calculated and checked for various operating temperature ranges. Additionally, the design of the MLHP has been improved by evaluating the effects of the geometric feature variations. Considering the fabrication limitations, some of the optimized geometry dimensions were found to be a groove wall thickness of 2um, a groove width of 7um, a wicking structure length of 500μm, and a vapor line width of 2mm.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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